Achar’s Textbook of Pediatrics, 5th Edition

Swarna Rekha Bhat

ISBN: 9789389211887 | Year: 2022 | Paperback | Pages: 872 | Language : English

Book Size: 216 X 280 mm | Territorial Rights: World

Price: 1275.00

About the Book

For over four decades, Achar’s Textbook of Pediatrics has educated, instructed and inspired students. Successive editions have made the textbook more current and relevant without deviating from the original character of the book. The fifth edition, in full-colour, continues the tradition with thoroughly revised content and the inclusion of newer and emerging problems in pediatrics. An emphasis on a clinical approach has been adopted in keeping with the requirements of the competency-based medical education curriculum.

Key features

  • Comprehensive coverage of all pediatric speciality areas
  • Covers all topics prescribed by the competency-based UG medical education curriculum
  • Thoroughly revised and updated with contributions from experts in their respective fields.
  • Includes newer diseases such as COVID-19
  • Detailed treatment of systemic disorders
  • Extensive coverage of infectious diseases as they contribute significantly to childhood mortality and morbidity
  • Emphasis on neonatology to ensure care and survival of neonates
  • Full-colour design, tabular layout, useful charts, highlighted text, algorithms and flowcharts and case studies for enabling and enhancing the learning outcome

Contributors (Author(s), Editor(s), Translator(s), Illustrator(s) etc.)

Editor:
Swarna Rekha Bhat, MD (Pediatrics), formerly Professor of Pediatrics and Neonatology, St John’s Medical College (SJMC), Bangalore, has nearly three decades of experience teaching undergraduate and postgraduate students of medicine and fellows and doctoral students of neonatology. She has been closely involved with the medical education at SJMC and has also served the National Board of Examinations (NBE) in various capacities. Her research interests are in the areas of neonatology, retinopathy of prematurity, hearing screening, kangaroo mother care, nutrition, IUGR, hypernatremia and pain.

She is a member of National Neonatology Forum (NNF) since 1990 and has been active in the training of medical and nursing faculty in neonatology. Dr Bhat has authored several research papers, co-edited Guha’s Neonatology: Principles and Practice, and contributed chapters to IAP Textbook of Pediatric and Neonatal Emergencies and IAP Textbook of Pediatrics. She is a recipient of the NNF Fellowship 2013 and the NBE Teacher of Excellence Award 2014. 

Table of Contents

A mapping of the contents to CBME competencies
Chapter-wise specific learning objectives
Preface to the fifth edition
Foreword to the fourth edition
Foreword to the first edition
Preface to the first edition
Contributors

1. Introduction to Child Health

Swarna Rekha Bhat
Pediatrics
The challenges of childcare
The current health situation
Child health programmes

2. Clinical Evaluation of a Child

Swarna Rekha Bhat
History taking and examination in the pediatric age group
Clinical approach to a child with common signs and symptoms

3. Growth: Normal and Abnormal

Swarna Rekha Bhat, P Raghupathy
Normal growth
Short stature
Childhood obesity
Appendix: WHO and IAP growth charts

4. Nutrition: Normal Nutrition and Malnutrition

Swarna Rekha Bhat
Introduction
Clinical assessment of nutritional status
Breastfeeding
Complementary feeding
Infant and young child feeding (IYCF)
Nutritional deficiencies
Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM)
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM)
Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM)

5. Vitamin and Mineral Requirements and Deficiency Disorders

Swarna Rekha Bhat
Introduction
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
The B-complex group of vitamins
Vitamin C
Minerals

6. Developmental and Behavioural Disorders

Praveen Suman, Anupam Sachdeva
Normal childhood development
Developmental assessment
Disorders of vision and hearing
Cerebral palsy
Neurodevelopmental disorders
Pervasive developmental disorders
Behavioural disorders
Multidisciplinary clinics for children with special needs

7. Fluid, Electrolytes and Acid–Base Disorders

Sanwar Agrawal
Homeostasis
Composition of body fluids
Normal fluid and electrolyte requirements
Fluid and electrolyte disorders
Acid–base balance
Acid–base disorders

8. Pediatric Emergencies

M M A Faridi
Introduction
Pediatric emergency and pediatric intensive care
Monitoring a sick child
Basic life support (BLS)
Pediatric advanced life support (PALS)
Dysrhythmias
Common pediatric emergencies
Respiratory emergencies
Shock
Acute severe hypertension
Congestive cardiac failure (CCF)
Status epilepticus (SE)
Drowning and near-drowning
Burns
Trauma
Child maltreatment or child abuse
Poisoning
Snake Bite
Scorpion Bite
Brain Death

9. Genetic Disorders

Sowmya Sampath
Introduction
Classification of genetic disorders
Drawing a pedigree chart
Diagnosis of genetic diseases
Management of genetic disorders
Specific chromosomal disorders
Genetic counselling
The human genome project (HGP)

10. Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Ranjan Kumar Pejaver
General concepts of IEM
Prenatal diagnosis of IEM disorders
Important inborn metabolic disorders

11. Neonatology

Swarna Rekha Bhat, Ruchi N Nanavati
Introduction
Classification of neonates
Prenatal diagnosis
Fetal monitoring
Examination of neonates
Care of the normal newborn
Care of a sick neonate
Neonatal resuscitation
Birth trauma
Perinatal asphyxia
Neonatal seizures
Temperature regulation in the newborn
Prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction
Postmaturity
Large-for-date neonates
Feeding of low-birth-weight neonates
Metabolic disorders in neonates
Neonatal jaundice
Neonatal sepsis
Respiratory distress in the newborn
Neonatal hematological problems
Neonatal referral and transport
Follow-up of high-risk neonates
Newborn screening (NBS)
Equipment for care of the newborn

12. Infectious Diseases

P P Maiya, B P Karunakara, Swarna Rekha Bhat
Infections and infectious diseases
Fever
Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO)
Fever with rash
Bacterial infections
Mycobacterial infections
Spirochetal infections
Rickettsial infections
Chlamydial infections
Mycoplasma infections
Viral infections
Mycotic infections (Mycosis)
Parasitic infections (Protozoal)
Helminthic infestations (Metazoal)

13. Disorders of Immunity and Allergy

Surjit Singh, Ankur Kumar Jindal, Sujatha Ramesh
Disorders of immunity
Primary immunodeficiency diseases
Disorders of allergy

14. Immunisation

A P Dubey
Introduction
Principles of vaccination and immunisation
Individual vaccines
Immunisation in special circumstances
Future trends

15. Rheumatological Disorders

Surjith Singh, Ankur Kumar Jindal
Introduction
Arthritis
Approach to a child with arthritis
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Vasculitis

16. Diseases of the Gastrointestinal System

Arakkal Riyaz
Introduction
Symptoms of GI disorders
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Helicobacter pylori in children
Diarrhea
Management of acute diarrhea
Persistent diarrhea
Chronic diarrhea
Malabsorption
Celiac disease
Recurrent abdominal pain
Upper gastrointestinal bleeding
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding
Constipation

17. Disorders of the Liver, Gall Bladder and Pancreas

Urmila Jhamb
Liver, biliary system and pancreas
Diseases of the liver
Chronic liver disease (CLD)
Wilson disease
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH)
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
Indian childhood cirrhosis (ICC)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Portal hypertension
Diseases of the gallbladder
Pancreatic diseases in children

18. Diseases of the Respiratory System

S D Subba Rao
Introduction
Symptoms of respiratory disease
Approach to a child with respiratory disorder
Bronchial asthma
Respiratory infections
Chronic suppurative lung diseases
Diseases of the pleura

19. Diseases of the Cardiovascular System

Monika Sharma
Introduction
Signs and symptoms of diseases of the cardiovascular system
Investigations for heart diseases
Genetics of cardiac diseases and other likely etiologies
Congenital heart diseases
Acyanotic heart diseases
Cyanotic heart diseases
Infective endocarditis
Rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD)
Cardiomyopathy
Fetal and childhood origins of adult cardiovascular diseases

20. Pediatric Hematology

Anand Prakash
Introduction
Anemia
Hemoglobinopathies
Pancytopenias
Hemorrhagic disorders
Coagulation disorders
Platelet disorders

21. Malignancies Specific to Children

Anand Prakash
Introduction
Acute leukemia
Lymphomas
Pediatric solid tumours
Oncological emergencies

22. Diseases of the Kidney and Urinary Tract

Arpana Iyengar, Anil Vasudevan
Introduction
Edema
Oliguria and polyuria
Hematuria
Proteinuria
Investigations
Specific renal disorders
Hypertension in children
Urinary tract infection
Renal tubular acidosis
Non-nutritional rickets (Refractory rickets)
Acute kidney injury
Chronic kidney disease
Appendix: Blood pressure levels for boys and girls by age and height percentile

23. Diseases of the Endocrine System

P Raghupathy
Thyroid disorders
Adrenal insufficiency
Hypercortisolism (Cushing syndrome)
Growth hormone deficiency
Disorders of sex development (DSD)
Disorders of pubertal development
Type I diabetes mellitus

24. Diseases of the Central Nervous System

S Srinivasan
Neurological examination of children
Congenital malformations of the central nervous system
Approach to a child with altered sensorium and coma
Seizures and epileptic disorders in children
Acute pyogenic meningitis
Tuberculous meningitis
Other forms of CNS tuberculosis
Acute viral encephalitis (AVE)
Herpes simplex encephalitis
Japanese encephalitis
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE)
Postinfectious encephalomyelitis
Stroke in children
Hemiplegia
Chorea
Neurodegenerative disorders of childhood
Ataxia in children
Intracranial space-occupying lesions (ICSOLS)
Headache
Benign intracranial hypertension (Pseudotumour cerebri)

25. Neuromuscular Disorders

Swarna Rekha Bhat, S Srinivasan
Introduction
Floppy infant syndrome
Classification of muscle diseases
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)
Myasthenia gravis
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA)
Peripheral neuropathy in children
Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS)

26. Adolescent Medicine

Chitra Dinakar
Introduction
Adolescent-friendly health services (AFHS)
Approach to an adolescent client/patient
Problems Specific to Adolescents

27. Community Pediatrics

Dominic Misquith
Introduction
Reproductive child health (RCH) programmes
RMNCH+A
Integrated management of childhood illness
Integrated management of neonatal and childhood Illness
The IMNCI plus approach
Health programmes for adolescents
National health mission (NHM)
India newborn action plan (INAP)
The millennium development goals (MDG)
Sustainable development goals (SDG)
Appendix: Integrated management of neonatal and childhood illness (IMNCI): Physician chart booklet

28. Diseases of the Skin

Frederick Manuel, S Anandan, Swarna Rekha Bhat
Introduction
Common neonatal skin disorders
Infestations of the skin
Bacterial infections of the skin (Pyoderma)
Viral infections of the skin
Fungal infections of the skin
Other conditions of the skin
Drug reactions

29. Diseases of the Eye and Adnexa

Chinmayee J Thrishulamurthy
Introduction
Amblyopia/lazy eye
Visually inattentive infant
Common ocular conditions
Ocular manifestations of systemic disorders
Blindness and rehabilitation

30. Disorders of the Ear, Nose and Throat

A Ramesh
Introduction
Diseases of the ear
Diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses
Diseases of the oral cavity, pharynx, tonsils and larynx
Hearing Impairment

31. Surgical Problems Specific to Children

Kanishka Das, A M Shubha
Introduction
Common malformations of the face
Common orthopedic malformations
Respiratory conditions
Gastrointestinal conditions
Gall bladder and biliary tract conditions
Urological conditions
Common genital conditions
Other common conditions

32. Environment and Child Health

H Paramesh, Elizabeth Cherian
Introduction
Air pollution
Water pollution
Noise pollution
Radiation hazards

33. Pediatric Procedures

Naina Bhat
Introduction
Standard precautions and asepsis
Specific procedures

34. Ethics and Medicolegal Issues in Pediatric Practice

Swarna Rekha Bhat
Informed consent
Communication and counselling skills
Documentation
Medicolegal issues in pediatric practice
Ethics in pediatric practice
Bibliography
Index

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