This book is intended primarily for BSc Honours and General students pursuing Physics in various Indian universities. It provides complete and comprehensive coverage of Nuclear and Particle Physics as specified by the new Choice-Based Credit System (CBCS) syllabus. Topics include the properties of nuclei, different nuclear models, radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, interaction of radiation with matter, nuclear astrophysics, particle physics and particle accelerators.While there is strong emphasis on following an exam-oriented approach, equal importance has been given to ensure that students have a thorough grasp of the subject and are actively engaged in the learning process.
Online resources are available at www.universitiespress.com/nuclearandparticlephysicsFor Teachers: Solutions manual and chapter-wise PowerPoint slides
Satadal Bhattacharyya is an Associate Professor of Physics at the Scottish Church College, Kolkata, and has been teaching Nuclear Physics in the advanced undergraduate class of this college since 1996. A PhD in Theoretical Nuclear Physics, his main research interest is in many-particle systems, including the study of different statistical aspects of ultra-cold trapped bosons.
Preface1. PROPERTIES OF NUCLEI 1.1 Constituents of the Nucleus 1.1.1 Electron–Proton Model of the Nucleus 1.1.2 Inconsistency with Uncertainty Principle 1.1.3 Inconsistency with Nuclear Spin 1.1.4 Inconsistency with Magnetic Moment 1.1.5 Neutron–Proton Model 1.2 Nuclear Size 1.2.1 Estimation from Alpha-Ray Scattering Experiment 1.2.2 Observation from Other Scattering Experiments 1.3 Atomic Mass 1.3.1 Mass Spectrometry 1.4 Density of the Nucleus 1.5 Binding Energy 1.5.1 Binding Energy (BE) Curve and Its Importance 1.5.2 Release of Energy in Fission and Fusion 1.5.3 Fall of BE Curve at Small and Large Values of A 1.5.4 Mass Defect and Packing Fraction 1.5.5 Nucleon Separation Energy 1.5.6 Abundance of Stable Nuclei 1.5.7 Coulomb Energy of the Nucleus 1.5.8 Coulomb Energy Difference of Mirror Nuclei and Charge Symmetry of Nuclear Force 1.6 Spin and Parity 1.7 Electric and Magnetic Moments 1.8 Properties of Nuclear Force SummaryReview Questions and Problems Hints/Answers to Selected Problems 2. NUCLEAR MODEL 2.1 Liquid-Drop Model of the Nucleus 2.1.1 Applicability of Liquid-Drop Model 2.2 Nuclear Shell Model 2.2.1 Shell Model in Atomic Case 2.2.2 Evidence for Nuclear Shell Model 2.2.3 Introduction to the Nuclear Shell Model 2.2.4 Predictions of the Shell Model 2.2.5 Drawbacks of the Shell Model 2.3 Nuclear Fermi Gas Model Summary Review Questions and Problems Hints/Answers to Selected Problems
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