Power Electronics

Biswanath Paul

ISBN: 9789386235732 | Year: 2019 | Paperback | Pages: 820 | Language : English

Book Size: 180 X 240 mm | Territorial Rights: World

Price: 750.00

About the Book

Power Electronics is an up-to-date and authoritative text that focuses on the fundamental principles and requirements needed for setting up practical power electronic systems. The book deals at length with several power semiconductor devices, providing rigorous coverage of phase-controlled rectifiers, inverters, AC switching controllers / AC voltage controllers, dual converters with cycloconverters, choppers, power supplies with AC power conditioners and resonant converters. It also elaborates on modern developments in the field of HVDC transmission, and the schemes for control of DC and AC motors with drives. Replete with examples, illustrations and chapter-end exercises, the book is ideal for B.Tech. students who study Power Electronics as part of their curriculum. The book is also useful for professionals working in power electronics, power conversion, and analog and digital electronics

Contributors (Author(s), Editor(s), Translator(s), Illustrator(s) etc.)

Biswanath Paul is Head, Department of Electrical Engineering, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy Polytechnic, Jadavpur, Kolkata. A postgraduate in electrical engineering, he served the industry for a few years, before becoming part of the teaching faculty at renowned engineering colleges. He has over 29 years’ experience of teaching power electronics.

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
About the Author
1 Basics of Power Electronics and PSpice

1.1 Introduction
1.2 PSPice
1.3 Circuit Element Models in Pspice
1.4 Circuit Passive Elements in PSpice A/D
1.5 Options
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

2 Power Diodes

2.1 Introduction
2.2 Construction/Structure of Power Diodes
2.3 Principle of Operation of Power Diode
2.4 Anode–Cathode Voltage, v and Diode Current, i Characteristics of a Schockley Diode
2.5 Types of Power Diodes
2.6 Reverse Recovery Characteristics of Power Diode
2.7 Switching Characteristics of Power Diode
2.8 General-purpose Diode
2.9 Fast Recovery Diode
2.10 Schottky Power Diode/Schottky Barrier Power Diode
2.11 Series Connected Power Diodes
2.12 Parallel Connected Power Diodes
2.13 Comparison of Different Types of Power Diodes
2.14 Protection of Power Diode (Snubber Circuit)
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

3 Power Transistors (Power BJTs)

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Power BJTs
3.3 Physical Operation of Power Transistor (Power BJT)
3.4 Voltage (v ) vs. Current (i ) Characteristics of an NPN Power BJT
3.5 Transfer Characteristics of Power BJT
3.6 Power BJT as a Switch
3.7 Breakdown Mechanism of Power Transistors
3.8 Second Breakdown of Power Transistors
3.9 Switching Characteristics of Power Transistors
3.10 Approximated Switching of Power Transistors
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

4 Thyristors

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Silicon Controlled Rectifiers
4.3 Operation of SCR
4.4 Theory of Operation of an SCR with Two-transistor Analogy
4.5 SCR Terminologies
4.6 Different Methods of Turning on of SCR
4.7 Different Methods of Triggering SCR Circuit
4.8 Different Methods of Turning OFF an SCR
4.9 Different Methods of Forced Commutation
4.10 Comparison of SCR and Switching Transistor
4.11 Series and Parallel Operation of SCRs
4.12 Silicon Controlled Switch
4.13 TRIAC
4.14 DIAC
4.15 Unijunction Transistor
4.16 Programmable Unijunction Transistor (PUT)
4.17 Comparison of UJT and PUT
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

5 Power MOSFETs

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Construction/Structure of Power MOSFET
5.3 Principle of Operation or Physical Operation of an Enhancement Mode N-Channel Power MOSFET
5.4 Drain Current and Drain–Source Voltage Characteristics/ Output Characteristics of a Power MOSFET
5.5 Reverse/Inverse Operation of Power MOSFET
5.6 Terminologies/Parameters of Power MOSFET
5.7 Mechanisms for dv/dt Turn-ON of Power MOSFET
5.8 Switching Characteristics of Power MOSFET
5.9 Approximated Switching of Power MOSFET
5.10 Switching Power Losses in Power MOSFETs
5.11 Parallel Connected MOSFETs
5.12 Power MOSFET Drivers
5.13 Safe Operating Area (SOA) of Power MOSFETs
5.14 Snubber Circuit (Switching AID Circuit) — Power MOSFET
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

6 Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT)

6.1 Introduction
6.2 Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
6.3 Principle of Operation or Physical Operation of IGBT
6.4 Voltage (v ) vs. Current (i ) Characteristics of IGBT
6.5 Equivalent Circuit of IGBT
6.6 Switching Characteristics of IGBT
6.7 Safe Operating Area (SOA) of IGBT
6.8 Gate Drive Circuit of IGBT
6.9 Comparison of Power BJT, Power MOSFET and IGBT
6.10 Parallel Connected IGBTs
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

7 Gate Turn-OFF and Gate Commutated Turn-OFF Thyristors

7.1 Introduction
7.2 Gate Turn-OFF Thyristors
7.3 Principle of Operation with Two-transistor Analogy of a GTO
7.4 Switching Characteristics of a GTO
7.5 Gate Drive Circuit of GTO
7.6 Parallel Connected GTOs
7.7 Electrical Operating Bounds for Power Switching Devices
7.8 Gate Commutated Thyristors
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

8 Power Devices – MCT, ETO, SIT and SITh

8.1 Introduction
8.2 Emitter Turn-OFF Thyristor
8.3 Static Induction Transistors
8.4 Static Induction Thyristors (SITh)
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

9 Protection of Semiconductor Devices

9.1 Introduction
9.2 Surge Protector or Surge Suppressor
9.3 Overvoltage Protection
9.4 Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV) or Transient Protector
9.5 Transient Voltage Suppression Diode or Transient Protector
9.6 Transil or Transient Protector
9.7 Snubber Protection
9.8 Causes of Damage to SCRs
9.9 Protection of SCRs
9.10 Snubber Protection of MOSFETs
9.11 Protection of IGBTs
9.12 Snubber Protection of GTOs
9.13 Overcurrent Protection
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

10 Cooling and Mounting of Semiconductor Devices

10.1 Introduction
10.2 Basic Theory of Heat Transfer
10.3 Heat Sinks of Semiconductor Devices
10.4 Cooling of Semiconductor Devices
10.5 Mounting and Handling of Semiconductor Devices
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

11 Phase-controlled Rectifiers

11.1 Introduction
11.2 Line Commutated Converters
11.3 Uncontrolled Rectifier
11.4. Single-phase Half-wave Controlled Rectifier for Resistive Load (R Load)
11.5 Full-wave Controlled Rectifier
11.6 Single-phase Bridge Rectifier
11.7 Three-phase Full-wave Controlled Rectifier (M-6 Configuration/Six-phase Double-star Circuit)
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

12 Inverters

12.1 Introduction
12.2 Inverters
12.3 Single-phase Bridge Inverter/Voltage Source Inverter (VSI)
12.4 Three-phase Bridge Inverter/Voltage Source Inverter
12.5 Pulse Width Modulation Inverter
12.6 Single-phase Single Pulse Width Modulation of a Full-bridge Inverter with Square Wave Control Signal
12.7 Single-phase Multiple Pulse Width Modulation of a Full-bridge Inverter with Square Wave Control Signal
12.8 Single-phase Multiple Pulse Width Modulation of a Full-bridge Inverter with Sinusoidal Wave Control Signal 451
12.9 Three-phase Multiple Pulse Width Modulation of a Full-bridge
12.10 Current Source Inverters
12.11 Force-commutated Inverters
12.12 Line-commutated Inverters
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

13 AC Switching Controllers / AC Voltage Controllers

13.1 Introduction
13.2 AC Switching Controller/AC Voltage Controller
13.3 On–Off Switching Controller/Integral Half-cycle Controller
13.4 Single-phase AC Chopper Controller/AC Phase Controller/
13.5 Three-phase AC Voltage Controller/Phase Controller/Chopper Controller
13.6 Three-phase Bidirectional OR Full-controlled AC Voltage Controller
13.7 Three-phase Unidirectional/Half-controlled AC Voltage Controller
13.8 Three-phase Bidirectional or Full-controlled AC Voltage Controller with Delta-connected Resistive Load
13.9 Synchronous Tap Changers of Single-phase Transformers
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

14 Dual Converters and Cycloconverters

14.1 Introduction
14.2 Phase-controlled Converters/Two-quadrant Converters
14.3 Static Four-quadrant Converter
14.4 Dual Converter
14.5 Single-phase Dual Converter
14.6 Three-phase Dual Converter
14.7 Cycloconverter
14.8 Three-phase–Single-phase Cycloconverter
14.9 Three-phase–Three-phase Cycloconverter
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

15 Choppers

15.1 Introduction
15.2 Techniques of Chopper Control
15.3 Choice of Chopping Frequency
15.4 Step-down (Buck) Voltage Chopper with Inductive Load or Step-down Voltage Chopper with RLE Load
15.5 Step-up (Boost) Voltage Chopper with Inductive Load
15.6 Classification of Choppers
15.7 Single SCR Chopper/Parallel Resonant Turn-OFF Chopper
15.8 Classification of Choppers Based on Commutation Method
15.9 Current Commutated Chopper/Resonant Pulse Chopper
15.10 Voltage Commutated Choppers
15.11 Jones Chopper
15.12 Morgan Chopper7
15.13 Load Commutated Choppers
15.14 Biphase/Triphase/Multiphase (n -Phase) Chopper
15.15 AC Chopper
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

16 Power Supplies and AC Power Conditioners

16.1 Linear Regulator
16.2 Switched Mode Power Supply (SMPS)/Switching Regulator
16.3 Switched Mode DC–DC Converters
16.4 AC Power Conditioners
16.5 Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)
16.6 Electronic Ballasts
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers

17 Resonant Converters and HVDC Transmission

17.1 Introduction
17.2 Resonant Converters
17.3 Series Resonant Converters — Half-bridge Mode with Bidirectional Switches
17.4 Parallel Resonant Converters — Half-bridge Mode with Bidirectional Switches
17.5 Parallel Resonant Converters — Full-bridge Mode with Bidirectional Switches
17.6 Zero-voltage Switching Resonant-switch Converters
17.7 Zero-current Switching (ZCS) Resonant-switch Converters
17.8 Resonant DC-link Converters/Inverters with Zero-voltage Switching
17.9 High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission System
17.10 Twelve-pulse Line-frequency Converters in High-voltage Direct Current Transmission System
17.11 Static VAR Compensators
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Problems | Answers

18 Control of DC and AC Motors with Drives

18.1 Introduction
18.2 Electrical Drives
18.3 Single-phase Full Converter DC Drives or Speed Control of a Separately Excited DC Motor
18.4 Single-phase Fully Controlled Series Motor DC Drives or Speed Control of a DC Series Motor
18.5 Three-phase Full Converter DC Drives or Speed Control of a Separately Excited DC Motor
18.6 Chopper Drive of a DC Series Motor
18.7 DC Servomotor
18.8 AC Drives
18.9 Closed-loop Speed Control for Three-phase Induction Motor
Chapter Outcome | Multiple Choice Questions | True/False Statements | Review Questions | Answers
Index 793

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