The concepts that students learn in classrooms and the experiments they do in the laboratory are hardly ever integrated in the existing teaching methodology. This textbook on Analytical Methods is written with a view to addressing this lacuna. The main topics in analytical chemistry are dealt with—gravimetric analysis, volumetric analysis, separation and purification techniques, data analysis, thermoanalytical methods and various types of spectroscopy. Detailed discussions on new spectroanalytical techniques, polarimetry, laser techniques, Mössbauer spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy are presented. The main objective is to introduce students to existing methods of analysis, new techniques, their instrumentation and mainly their applications, giving them an insight into this challenging and fascinating field. This book will serve as a text for students of M.Sc. chemistry. In addition, it can serve as a convenient reference for B.Sc. chemistry students and for candidates taking the UGC–CSIR NET examination.
Dr R Gopalan retired as Head of the Department of Chemistry, Madras Christian College, Chennai. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Madras and went on to do his postdoctoral research at Baylor University, USA. He has 35 years of experience in teaching and research, and was awarded a UGC Emeritus Fellowship on his retirement. He has published 45 research papers, many articles on popular science and education, and 30 books for M.Sc., B.Sc. and school courses. He was the principal investigator for a research project – Chemical Decontamination of Nuclear Reactor Heat Transfer Units – funded by the BRNS, Department of Atomic Energy of India. He is currently honorary secretary for two schools and Director, Sri Malolan College of Arts and Science, Madurantagam.
Dr K S Viswanathan is currently Professor and Head, Department of Chemical Sciences, IISER Mohali. He earned a Ph.D. in Chemistry under the guidance of Professor Joel Tellinghuisen at Vanderbilt University, USA in 1983. He went on to do his postdoctoral research at Indiana University, USA. He spent the next 25 years at IGCAR, DAE, Kalpakkam, before joining IISER Mohali. His field of research involves the study of the infrared spectroscopy of molecules trapped in a solid inert gas matrix. His research also includes developing techniques for trace level detection of lanthanides and actinides. He has published several research papers in international peer-reviewed journals.
PrefaceAcknowledgements Chapter 1: Introduction to Analytical Chemistry Chapter 2: Analysis and Reporting of Data Chapter 3: Separation and Purification Techniques Chapter 4: Principles of Volumetric Analysis Chapter 5: Principles of Gravimetric Analysis Chapter 6: Thermoanalytical Methods Chapter 7: Electroanalytical Methods Chapter 8: Polarimetry Chapter 9: Spectroanalytical Techniques: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, Flame Emission Spectrometry Chapter 10: Fluorescence Spectroscopy Chapter 11: Infrared Spectroscopy Chapter 12: Raman Spectroscopy Chapter 13: Absorption Spectroscopy (UV–Vis Spectroscopy) Chapter 14: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Chapter 15: Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy Chapter 16: Mass Spectrometry Chapter 17: Laser Techniques Chapter 18: Mössbauer Spectroscopy Chapter 19: X-Ray Techniques Chapter 20: Isotopic Analytical Methods Appendix List of Elements in the Increasing Atomic Numbers References Index
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